Forklift Fork dimensions: Forklift forks, also known as tines or blades, are used to lift and carry loads. They are an integral part of the forklift and ensuring you are using the correct ones and that they are in good condition is essential to both the safety of personnel, but also the forklift and the load.
- 1 Forklift fork dimensions and specifications
- 2 Standard Forklift Fork dimensions
- 3 Forklift fork inspection
- 4 Replacement forklift forks
- 5 Forklift pre shift inspection
- 6 Types of forklift forks
- 7 Lifting equipment
- 8 What type of steel is used for forklift forks?
- 9 How wide are forklift forks?
- 10 Forklift Fork Thickness
Forklift fork dimensions and specifications
- Forklift blades: Horizontal part of the fork which lifts and supports the load
- Tip: End of the blade that is inserted to the load
- Shank: The vertical part of the fork
- Heel: Part of the fork where the shank and blade meet
- Hook: The hooks are the elements on the shank that support the forks on the forklift.
- Pin lock (or locking pin, latch pin). Positioned on the top hook and used to position the forks on the forklift carriage. The forklift fork pin can be a latch or button (mushroom) type.
- Taper: The difference in thickness between the tip and the heel. Tapers can begin at the heel or anywhere along the blade.
Production standards for all forks are based on common key- features:
Innovative and highly automated production process.
- Prime quality steel offering good welding characteristics and strong resistance to wear.
- Automated welding of upper and lower hooks with a robotic system, granting the better quality of the welding, quality repeatability, and higher process speed.
- Complete heat treatment with hardening and tempering on the entire fork, providing the best quality and reliability characteristics.
Standard Forklift Fork dimensions
-Standard forklift fork sizes
-Standard forklift fork length
-Standard Forklift Fork dimensions:
- General: Fork correct dimensioning and conditions are essential for safe, cost-effective and damage-free pallet handling operations. Therefore, a regular fork inspection system should be put in place to ensure perfect operating conditions. Inspections, repairs or replacements shall be carried out as a pair.
- Height difference in fork tips: Check a pair of forks mounted on the fork carrier to detect a difference in tip heights. If the difference in tip heights exceeds 3% of the blade length, the pair of forks shall be withdrawn from service.
- Wear: Forks must be checked regularly to ensure the heel thickness is not less than 10% of the original thickness as per ISO 5057. If the fork thickness is less that 10%, the fork must be replaced or rerated.
Forklift fork inspection
- Inspections: Forks in use shall be inspected at intervals of 12 months or less depending on the possible severe application, multi-shift operation and fork conditions. Regular inspections should be carried out by trained personnel. In case of detected damage, failures, deformations, etc. forks shall be withdrawn from service and not be returned to service unless satisfactorily repaired or rerated.
- Cracks: Check visually inner heel and top and bottom hook areas to detect possible cracks. Apply non-destructive crack detection tests if necessary. If surface cracks are detected, forks should be withdrawn from service.
- Straightness: Check the straightness of the upper face of the blade and the front face of the shank. If the deviation exceeds 0,5% of blade length or shank height, fork shall be withdrawn from service.
- Angle: Check the fork upper face of the blade to load the face of the shank. If the fork has a deviation greater than 3 degrees from original specifications, fork shall be withdrawn from service
- Locking devices: Check the fork positioning locking to ensure their normal operation and wear conditions. If any fault is found, fork shall be withdrawn from service.
- Marking: Forks shall be marked with the nominal capacity and load center according to ISO 2330. If marking is not clearly legible, fork shall be withdrawn from service.
- Hooks: Check the fork hooks for possible wear, damage and cracks. If the clearance between fork and fork carrier is visually excessive, forks shall be withdrawn from service.
Replacement forklift forks
Repairs and tests: Repairs should be decided or carried out by authorized, expert personnel only, in accordance with recommendations of fork manufacturer. Do not repair surface cracks or wear them by welding. In case of repairs requiring fork re-setting, forks should be subjected to an appropriate heat-treatment. Fork subjected to repairs different from repairs or replacements of the positioning lock and/or marking can only return to service after having passed a yield test as described in ISO 2330.
Forklift pre shift inspection
The best way to inspect forks is to use a fork caliper.
- Determine the nominal thickness of “N” of the fork. Measurement has to be done on the fork shank using the caliper ruler.
- Position the caliper at the end of the heel internal radius with the opening corresponding to the nominal dimension “N” (eg. for N 45 use 45 mm thickness), where the wear is higher.
- If the fork enters the opening, it is mandatory to replace it. DANGER OF BREAKING. Furthermore, a 10% reduction in fork blade thickness results in a 20% reduction in operating capacity
Types of forklift forks
Following is a list of some of the special types of forklift forks, used for specific applications.
- Pin Type & Bar Type: the forks have a guide and are attached to a shaft. Found on larger lift trucks and construction machines such as some telehandlers. Pin-Types can come with a lower hook
- Drum handling forks: these forks have a section cut out of the side of the forks to enable a drum to be lifted
- Coil handling forks: the inside edge of the forks are “chamfered” to provide a surface for the coil to sit on.
- Explosion-proof: if the forklift is to be used in explosive environments then the forks are clad in stainless steel to prevent sparking. The stainless steel coating is typically 2mm thick
- Forks for the food production industry: forklifts that are used in the food industry are typically clad in stainless steel as they are regularly washed down to maintain cleanliness.
- Lumber forks: have a thin and wide blade for ease when inserting into loads
The lifting equipment on forklift trucks machines is characterized by robust and high-quality design and numerous options combined with excellent visibility. Forklift trucks can offer many different types of masts all of the clear view design. In combination with forks and/or attachments, it can provide the handling solution to meet your needs.
For even better handling, there are also a number of intelligent functions for forklift machines:
- Pre-selected lifting height – the operator can simply find the right lifting height by means of 15 pre-selected lifting heights.
- No chain slack – the chains are kept tensioned at all times, eliminating undesired movements of the forks or the attachment.
- Vertical hold– the automatic tilt device ensures that the load is taken up and put down vertically to the loading surface.
Forklift Masts Types:
- Single-stage mast forklift
- 2 stage mast forklift
- 3 Stage Mast Forklift
- Quad mast forklift
What type of steel is used for forklift forks?
What type of steel is used for forklift forks?
They are made of different types of steel. Sometimes HSLA A572-50 (high strength low alloyed) steel, 1045-1060 heat-treated material, T1 heat-treated steel, and others.
What are the forklift forks used for?
The forks on a forklift are used to make direct contact with a load for transport. They are attached to the forklift carriage and are designed to carry a load from the bottom. Forklift forks come in all shapes and sizes. There is a wide variety of fork types available for various applications.
What is a quad mast forklift?
4-Stage – A quad or four-stage mast is designed for very high stacking. Quad masts allow for a shorter collapsed height when compared to a three-stage with equivalent MFH (maximum fork height).
What are the Forklift dimensions?
What size forklift should I get for my warehouse?
It is often a question asked by business owners and operation managers. Forklift Dimensions can be tricky and unique to every application. Virtually every forklift dimension could potentially impact an operation, and create a safety hazard if not specified correctly and carefully.
The most read
How wide are forklift forks?
Knowing the different sizes of forklifts
What should I know for my warehouse or workshop?
Forklift Fork Thickness
Inspection of the forklift fork thickness and condition of the forklift should absolutely be part of every daily checklist..
What are the dimensions of forklift forks? ›
One of the most common forklift fork sizes is 1 1/2" x 4" x 42" Common fork thicknesses include 1 3/4", 2", and 2 1/2" Common fork widths include 5" and 6" A standard forklift fork length is 42 inches, with 48-inch forks also common.What are the dimensions of a standard forklift? ›
Standard forklifts generally measure between 4 and 7 feet wide and from 8 to 10 feet long. Outdoor or rough terrain forklifts can be greater than 10 feet in length, while narrow aisle forklifts like walkie stackers and side loaders can measure less than 5 feet.What is the standard distance between the forks on a forklift? ›
Counterbalance forklifts, also known as a forkift trucks, fork trucks or forklifts, are the most common type of material handling equipment and are characterised by a lifting unit, which consists of a mast and, typically, a forklift fork with 1.2 metres distance between the forks.What is forklift fork? ›
FORKS. Perhaps the most obvious of reach truck parts are the forks themselves, also known as the tynes. The forks on a forklift are used to make direct contact with a load for transport. They are attached to the forklift carriage and are designed to carry a load from the bottom.What is a standard pallet fork length? ›
Pallet forks are available in lengths of 1067 and 1219 mm (42 and 48 in.) for standard duty, 1219 mm (48 in.) for heavy duty, and 1219 and 1524 mm (48 and 60 in.)What are the 3 types of forklifts? ›
- Class I: Electric motor rider trucks.
- Class II: Electric motor narrow aisle trucks.
- Class III: Electric motor hand trucks or hand/rider trucks.
- Class IV: Internal combustion engine trucks (solid/cushion tires)
- Class V: Internal combustion engine trucks (pneumatic tires)
You can determine your forklift's maximum load moment by multiplying its weight rating by its center load distance, which you can find on the machine's data plate. For example, if your lift truck weighs 4,000 pounds and has a 24-inch load center, its load capacity would be 96,000 inch-pounds.What is the height of a normal forklift? ›
This counterbalance (whether it's an actual weight or the forklift batteries found in an electric lift) is what offsets the load in front, accommodating weights from 3,000 to 120,000 lbs depending on the model selected. Most standard forklifts reach heights between 10 to 15 feet, but some can lift as high as 36 feet.What is the width of pallet forks? ›
FORK SIZE: The most common fork size is 27” x 48” (Width x Length), which is designed to fit most common pallets in the industry. Lift Rite offer additional fork sizes to accommodate various sizes of pallets or loads. For example, 33” x 48” low profile models are designed to handle 4-way entry pallets.What is the minimum distance the forks should extend into a pallet? ›
Slide the forks into the pallet until they are fully under the load. The forks should be at least two-thirds the length of the load.
How far apart should forks be spaced? ›
For handling pallets, ideally your forks should be spaced equally apart center to the carriage/backrest, around 10 inches out from each side. But really there is no exact measurement; the best rule is to space them just a bit less from as wide as you can have them for the pallets/loads you will be handling.What are the parts of the fork? ›
There is the root, which connects to the back. There is the back, which connects to the neck. There is the neck, which connects to the handle. And there is the handle, which you hold to make use of the points, slots, tines, root, back and neck.What is a Class 1 forklift? ›
Class I: Electric Motor Riders
Class I Forklifts are electric motor riders. These electric-powered forklifts are ideal for loading and unloading tractor-trailers, handling pallets, and a number of other applications in industries ranging from food storage and retail to factory and general warehousing.
Fork Drop (D): measurement from the top of the lower hook to the floor. Length of fork (L): measurement from the end of the tip to the shank. Length can be given in mm or inches – common lengths are 1,219mm, 1,829mm and 2,438mm.How much does a forklift fork weight? ›
Typically, a forklift fork weighs anywhere from 15 pounds to 32 pounds. Note, the weight of the fork will effect how much weight your forklift can haul.How many types of forklifts are there? ›
There are seven different forklift classes ranging from category 1 to category 7. The classifications are based on the fuel type, application and features of the forklifts. Click the links below to learn more about a specific class: Class I.What is a fork heel? ›
Terms: Blade - the level part of the fork that supports the load. Heel - the curved part of the fork that connects the blade to the shank. Tip - the end of the fork blade.What size is a Class 2 forklift? ›
Description. Forklift fork, ITA Class 2, 5720 lbs Capacity per pair at 24" load center, Measures 48" length by 4" width by 1-3/4" thickness.What are pallet dimensions? ›
What is a standard pallet size? The standard pallet size is 48" X 40" with each deck board being 3 ½" wide 5/16" thick. There are other pallet sizes that are standard across different industries but the above described GMA pallet is the most common and makes up more than 30% of all pallets used in the USA.Are forklift forks universal? ›
Forks must meet industry standards that make them interchangeable, regardless of the lift truck manufacturer; however, they are specific to the capacity of the forklift.
What is the width of pallet forks? ›
FORK SIZE: The most common fork size is 27” x 48” (Width x Length), which is designed to fit most common pallets in the industry. Lift Rite offer additional fork sizes to accommodate various sizes of pallets or loads. For example, 33” x 48” low profile models are designed to handle 4-way entry pallets.Are forklift forks universal? ›
Forks must meet industry standards that make them interchangeable, regardless of the lift truck manufacturer; however, they are specific to the capacity of the forklift.What size are forklift pockets? ›
A safety restraint is provided to secure the hopper to the fork truck. Usable fork pockets are 7½"W x 2½"H.How far apart should forks be spaced? ›
For handling pallets, ideally your forks should be spaced equally apart center to the carriage/backrest, around 10 inches out from each side. But really there is no exact measurement; the best rule is to space them just a bit less from as wide as you can have them for the pallets/loads you will be handling.What are pallet dimensions? ›
What is a standard pallet size? The standard pallet size is 48" X 40" with each deck board being 3 ½" wide 5/16" thick. There are other pallet sizes that are standard across different industries but the above described GMA pallet is the most common and makes up more than 30% of all pallets used in the USA.What is a standard pallet jack size? ›
The standard shape of a pallet jack is 27” wide by 48” long. 85% of our customers require this shape because it best fits a standard 48”x40” pallet.What size is a Class 2 forklift? ›
Description. Forklift fork, ITA Class 2, 5720 lbs Capacity per pair at 24" load center, Measures 48" length by 4" width by 1-3/4" thickness.How heavy is a fork on a forklift? ›
Typically, a forklift fork weighs anywhere from 15 pounds to 32 pounds. Note, the weight of the fork will effect how much weight your forklift can haul.Can you weld forklift forks? ›
RE: Welding of Forklift forks
Obviously it can be done, otherwise they couldn't be manufactured. But 90% of mechanics and welders shouldn't attempt it. I've worked for several OEM forklift manufacturers and have seen some nasty field repairs/upgrades.
Terms: Blade - the level part of the fork that supports the load. Heel - the curved part of the fork that connects the blade to the shank. Tip - the end of the fork blade.
What is fork drop? ›
Fork Drop (D): measurement from the top of the lower hook to the floor. Length of fork (L): measurement from the end of the tip to the shank. Length can be given in mm or inches – common lengths are 1,219mm, 1,829mm and 2,438mm.What are fork pockets? ›
What is a fork pocket? Quite simply, it's an opening in the base of the container for the insertion of the prongs of a forklift. The two fit together like a jigsaw and without these pockets it would only be possible to handle the container from the top using a crane.What is the correct fork position when picking up a load? ›
Keep the forks 6 to 10 inches above the ground to avoid potential hazards on the ground. Remember that forklifts are top-heavy. Carry the load low and tilted back. Use caution when carrying a load on an uneven surface; it creates a tip-over hazard.How is forklift load calculation? ›
You can determine your forklift's maximum load moment by multiplying its weight rating by its center load distance, which you can find on the machine's data plate. For example, if your lift truck weighs 4,000 pounds and has a 24-inch load center, its load capacity would be 96,000 inch-pounds.What is the load Centre distance on a forklift? ›
A load center is the horizontal distance from the vertical face of the forks to the center of gravity of the load. As a general rule, load center is 24" from the face of the forks (the center point of standard 48” x 48” pallet). Forklift capacities range from about 3,000 lbs up to more than 70,000+ lbs.